The NLRA could be amended to extend the provisions for the extension of the terms of a collective agreement to a group of workers newly organized by an industry-based union44.44 An example of this type of extension is the one presented under the Baigent-Ready proposal, named after two special advisers to the B.C. Minister of Labour. The proposal provides that a union in a sector (defined as a geographical area with similar enterprises working in a similar manner) with a similar union density would have the opportunity to apply for certification for a unit with several employers in that sector if the union could justify the assistance of at least 45% of the workers at each site within the proposed unit. Certified unions would then table individual elections on each site, and the collective agreement negotiated in that sector would be automatically extended to new industry organizations45. This approach would facilitate the extension of wage and performance standards to newly organized groups and would save workers, unions and employers time and costs in negotiating a new collective agreement. When workers try to create a union, they ask the NNRB to hold a replacement election for a particular group of workers — the bargaining unit. 13 The NLRB then verifies whether the proposed bargaining unit is «appropriate.» This analysis focuses on whether workers share a «community of interest» in the proposed rate unit, i.e. whether they share common interests and experiences in the workplace, so it is reasonable for them to negotiate with the employer their wages, hours and working conditions14. the conditions of use of subcontractors by the employer, etc. — which help them develop power in their sector or sector.
Recently, the union concluded negotiations for some 75,000 commercial cleaners on the East Coast. The New York agreement alone involves 22,000 commercial cleaners.32 The union negotiates with a multi-employer association or with employer groups, and its agreements bind signatory employers in all cities where the union has local agreements. In other words, in the New York agreement, for example, New York employers agree to abide by the Philadelphia collective agreement when they work in Philadelphia. In recent negotiations, SEIU Local 32BJ has gained substantial wage increases, pension improvements, new protection against sexual harassment and much more. Employers also agreed to a union recognition procedure for cleaners in Miami, opening the door to extending the protection of collective agreements to 1,500 additional building cleaners in miami. Some collective agreements refer to the general relationship between an employer or employer organisation and trade unions. These agreements generally address issues such as participation, negotiation procedures and the definition of common objectives related to future labour market developments and employers. Agreements are generally reached between federal employers` organizations and their central union counterparts at the federal level with the above themes.
7. Wage estimates are in 2013 dollars and examine wages that would have been in 2013 if union density (the proportion of workers in similar sectors and regions that are unionized) had remained at the same level as in 1979. See Jake Rosenfeld, Patrick Denice and Jennifer Laird, Union Decline Lowers Wages of Nonunion Workers: The Overlooked Reason Why Wages Are Stuck and Inequality Is Growing, Economic Policy Institute, August 30, 2016. Currently, U.S. labour law is structured in such a way that workers and unions trying to negotiate widely with employers in their sector to set standards for their industry face significant barriers.