Shortly after the conclusion of the IOM agreement, the General Assembly mandated IOM to facilitate the negotiation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (the Compact) by providing «technical and policy expertise», as recommended in the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants (annex II, paragraph 12). This situation was unusual in that the negotiation of an agreement led by the General Assembly would normally be facilitated by the United Nations Secretariat or by one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. As the «UN Migration Agency», IOM has become a central reference in the lively global debate on the social, economic and political implications of migration in the twenty-first century.  IOM supported the creation of the Global Compact for Migration, the first intergovernmental agreement on international migration adopted in Marrakech, Morocco, in December 2018.  To support the implementation, monitoring and review of the Global Compact for Migration, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres established the UN Migration Network. The secretariat of the UN Migration Network is located at IOM and IOM Director General Antonio Vitorino is the coordinator of the network.  The pact was concluded in December 2018. It is a non-binding agreement that provides a framework for government cooperation in the field of migration policy. Paragraph 45 provides that IOM will be the secretariat and coordinator of the new «United Nations Migration Network», which is responsible for monitoring and reviewing the commitments made by the Covenant, and which supports the implementation of those commitments, including capacity-building. «Migrants are one of the most vulnerable populations in our region and face great barriers in accessing the health care they need,» said Carissa F. Etienne, Director of PAHO. «The COVID-19 pandemic is a strong reminder that no one is safe until everyone is sure why this agreement between PAHO and LOM has never been more current and important,» she added.
The term `related organization` does not appear anywhere in the text of the Charter of the United Nations. It is an umbrella term for any organization that has a cooperation agreement with the United Nations, but is not a special agency of the United Nations. . . .